Dating violence versus domestic violence
Female genital mutilation is found mostly in Africa, and to a lesser extent in the Middle East and some other parts of Asia.
These definitions of VAW as being gender-based are seen by some to be unsatisfactory and problematic.
The history of violence against women remains vague in scientific literature.
This is in part because many kinds of violence against women (specifically rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence) are under-reported, often due to societal norms, taboos, stigma, and the sensitive nature of the subject.
The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women states, "violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women" and "violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men." Violence against women and girls is a problem of pandemic proportions.
At least one out of every three women around the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime with the abuser usually someone known to her.
There has also been a history of recognizing the harmful effects of this violence.